Enhancing Surgical Care: Embracing Technological Innovations in Operating Rooms


The convergence of technological advancements, labor and supply chain shortages, and the rising preference for ambulatory surgery centers (ASCs) is placing hospitals under mounting pressure to optimize their operating rooms (ORs) for greater efficiency and intelligence. In a recent webinar sponsored by Cardinal Health, renowned orthopedic surgeon Dr. Javad Parvizi and Joel Colyer, global director of portfolio marketing at Cardinal Health, shed light on how healthcare organizations can navigate the challenges and opportunities presented by evolving surgical care practices. This article presents four key insights from their discussion, outlining the potential of technology-driven solutions in reshaping surgical care.

Insight 1: Adapting to the New Normal

The COVID-19 pandemic has left a lasting impact on surgical practices and patient care. One significant change is the widespread adoption of telehealth, which has revolutionized surgical care by enabling remote consultations and monitoring. Patients can now conveniently send images of their wounds for evaluation instead of visiting clinics. This shift aligns with the increasing trend of migrating surgical procedures to ASCs. The convenience for patients, reduced post-surgical complications for physicians, and lower costs for integrated health systems and payers are driving this transition.

Insight 2: Transforming Perioperative Protocols

To accommodate these evolving dynamics, healthcare providers are embracing new perioperative protocols. Traditional wound dressings requiring in-person follow-up visits are being replaced by remote patient monitoring, eliminating the need for unnecessary physical appointments. However, there remains a need to screen patients who may not be suitable for same-day surgery in an outpatient setting. Dr. Parvizi anticipates the integration of new technologies to optimize patient screening, utilizing artificial intelligence (AI) to predict potential complications or intensive care requirements. Several institutions with high surgical volumes are already harnessing AI to identify patients at risk of venous thromboembolism, streamlining the screening process.

Insight 3: Empowering Surgical Outcomes with AI

AI has the potential to enhance surgical outcomes within the OR as well. Surgeons can leverage AI algorithms to predict the duration of a procedure, minimize the risk of venous pooling, or visualize the likelihood of intraoperative fractures. Mr. Colyer emphasized the anticipation of AI unlocking even more capabilities, enabling remote sharing of surgical insights and best practices. However, it is crucial to approach these advancements with caution, as AI may impact the regulatory landscape and data sharing practices governed by HIPAA. Striking the right balance between aggressive adoption and thoughtful implementation will be key to harnessing the full potential of AI technology.


Insight 4: Fostering OR Sustainability through Technological Advancements

As technology progresses, awareness regarding the environmental impact of ORs is also growing. To minimize carbon footprints, ORs are shifting towards reusable surgical instruments and devices, energy-efficient lighting systems, smart monitoring technologies, reduced instrumentation trays, and the use of biodegradable materials. Mr. Colyer highlighted Cardinal Health's commitment to assisting customers in identifying, capturing, and measuring these sustainability initiatives to ensure they make a meaningful impact.

The landscape of surgical care is evolving rapidly, necessitating hospitals to embrace technological innovations that enhance efficiency, patient care, and environmental sustainability. Telehealth and AI-driven solutions are transforming the way surgeries are performed, enabling remote consultations and personalized monitoring. However, caution must be exercised when adopting AI technologies to ensure compliance with data privacy regulations. With a focus on sustainable practices, ORs are becoming more eco-friendly by integrating reusable instruments and energy-efficient systems. By embracing these advancements, healthcare organizations can navigate the changing surgical care landscape and deliver improved outcomes for patients while maximizing operational efficiency.